A riddle is simply a question, statement, a phrase or simply a puzzle that is designed to get answers that are intelligently structured and unexpected. When riddles are used in form of a question, it might be a way to elicit different reactions and thinking from the audience or it might be simply a way of having fun. It can also be a way to make people laugh. Dialogue is usually formed through the riddling process. This is because, when the presenter of the riddle passes the riddle to the audience, the audience will keep on trying to guess what the answer might be hence, making it a conversation. Riddles usually sharpen people’s intelligence through creative thinking and ability to solve problems. Hard riddles are used by so many people to sharpen peoples intelligence mostly children. Riddles have specific features. Some of the features of riddles include.

  1. They have the opening formula

Each and every riddle has an opening formula. The opening formulae are usually to demand people’s attention. Attention attraction can be attained in so many ways. The first way to open the riddle is by starting with a question. One can use different forms of techniques to pause that question to the audience. In the opening formula, make sure that the opening question is enticing. Remember, a riddle can be a phrase, a statement or a question. In all hard riddles, the opening formula is very important. Or else, people will not be able to know if your intention is to tell a riddle.

  1. Riddles have elements that guide the audience

Riddles are made in a manner that they give the audience clues. There are keywords in each and every riddle that are very important in leading the audience or receiver thinking. The clues and the keywords are very important in awakening the audience imagination and thinking. Through the imagination, the receiver is able to think intelligently and come up with an answer that they think is correct. If the receiver is not able to spot the keywords or find the clues, the riddles might get so difficult for them to answer.

  1. They have elements that are disorienting

As much as hard riddles might give you clues and keywords, they also have elements that are disorienting. The clues and keywords will never lead you directly to the answer of the riddle. Instead, they will have keywords and elements of deception. You might find that there is a presence of double meaning, comparisons, rhetorical figures, personification, and also animalization. These elements are used to disorient the receiver so that finding the answer to the riddle will not be that easy. If the riddle has confusing elements, there is a possibility that the answer to the riddle will be more than one. The answer to the riddle is not usually as hard as people’s imagination might be. The answer might be very simple and very innocent but the disorienting elements are the ones leading people into thinking harder than usual. Imagination and thinking are important in sharpening children’s and peoples intelligence.

  1. Closing formulas

Each and everything with an opening formula also has a closing formula. The receiver is usually given a chance to find a valid solution to the riddle then with the riddle pattern using words that are motivating. This is what makes the riddle a conversation. There usually reward a challenge, an answer or even trials. This is usually what ends the riddle. At the end of the day, the correct answer must be known.

  1. Riddles have poetic functions

Riddles are presented in rhetoric’s, imagination, personification, and other poetic features. They also have rhythm and can be presented inverses. Due to all these features, the riddles qualify to be and have poetic features.

  1. They have a playful and recreational function

Hard riddles have been used by so many people as a form of entertainment and creating fun moments. The riddles are formed in a manner that the receiver is to imagine, think critically in order to reach the meaning of the riddle. Riddles have been a source of fun for so many people. This includes schools, families, functions and also in communities. Riddles can be created in different themes, subjects and also in different manners. Riddles always give people a source of fun that is very healthy.

  1. Have linguistic aspects

To solve a riddle, you have to read or listen, analyze, and then understand it in order to give a solution. This is the same way when identifying and develop aspects of linguistics such as the lexicon, the syntax, semantics, and other linguistic aspects involved.


Riddles exist in our society for various reasons. They are educative, they are a source of entertainment, they help in peoples bonding, and they help sharpen people’s intelligence among other uses. Riddles have specific features. That means, when one is in the context of the riddles, they must make sure that these important features are part of the riddle structure. Some of the most important features that must be included in a riddle are the opening structure or formulae, the closing formula, the poetic function, the fun and the linguistic aspect of riddles among other special features. All these features make riddles very special and unique in their own ways. Riddles help a lot especially in learning and sharpening children’s intelligence.